In addition, the team has opened stores in the three additional markets of Northern California, Portland and Seattle. In , Credentials introduced its eduCheck offering, which provides seamless online degree and enrollment verification. The largest ethnicites were 9. November 5, at The inland portions of the Concord Naval Weapons Station have been declared surplus by the Federal government and this area is expected to provide what is likely the last opportunity to plan and build city-sized development within the central county. City in British Columbia, Canada.
In , when MDSP included 6, acres In this way the open spaces controlled by cities, the East Bay Regional Park District, Mount Diablo State Park, and various regional preserves now adjoin and protect most of the elevated regions of the mountain.
Ronald Reagan" or "Mt. Reagan", after the former California Governor. There were also multiple petitions that were created by citizens to change the name of the mountain, once in and another in The racial makeup of Contra Costa County was , Hispanic or Latino of any race were , persons As of the census  of , there were , people, , households, and , families residing in the county.
The largest ethnicites were 9. African-Americans made up 9. Latinos were now In , there were , households out of which The average household size was 2.
For every females there were For every females age 18 and over, there were In , the largest denominational groups were Catholics with , adherents and Evangelical Protestants with 74, adherents. Since , Contra Costa County has mostly been a Democratic stronghold in presidential elections, though it did experience a temporary Republican trend in the s and s, with successive wins by Richard Nixon in , Gerald Ford in , and Ronald Reagan in and The last Republican presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in In the State Senate , the county is split between three districts:.
According to the California Secretary of State , as of October 24, , Contra Costa County has , registered voters, out of a population of 1,, Of those, , The Democrats' largest registration advantage in Contra Costa is in the cities of Richmond where there is a The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1, persons for each type of offense. The great rancheros of the Spanish period were divided and sold for agricultural uses, with intensively irrigated farming made possible in some areas by the development of canals that brought water from the eastern riverside portions of the county to the central portion.
Other areas could used the more limited water available from local creeks and from wells. Orchards dominated where such water was available, while other, seasonally dry areas were used for cattle ranching. In central parts of the county walnuts were an especially attractive orchard crop, using the thin-shelled English Walnut branches grafted to the hardy and disease-resistant American Walnut root stock. In the Moraga region, pears dominated, and many old but untended roadside trees are still picked seasonally by passers-by.
In eastern county, stone fruit, especially cherries, is still grown commercially, with seasonal opportunities for people to pick their own fruit for a modest fee. The Contra Costa Canal , a concrete-lined and fenced irrigation canal still makes a loop through central county and provided industrial and agricultural grade water to farms and industry.
While no longer used for extensive irrigation, it is still possible for adjoining landowners now large suburban lot owners to obtain pumping permits. Most of this water is destined for the heavy industry near Martinez. As with the railroad rights of way there is now an extensive public trail system along these canals.
The development of commuter railroads proceeded together with the subdivision of farms into parcels. In some cases, such as the development of Saranap , the same developer controlled both the railroad Sacramento Northern and the development.
These early suburbanization developments were an extension of the earlier development of trolley car suburbs in what are now considered the highly urban environments of the near East Bay. Owing to its extensive waterfront on San Francisco , San Pablo , and Suisun bays the northwestern and northern segments have long been sites for heavy industry, including a number of still active oil refineries particularly Chevron in Richmond, Shell Oil and Tesoro - in Martinez , chemical plants Dow Chemical and a once substantial integrated steel plant, Posco Steel formerly United States Steel , now reduced to secondary production of strip sheet and wire.
The San Joaquin River forms a continuation of the northern boundary turns southward to form the eastern boundary of the county. Some substantial Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta "islands" actually leveed former marshes are included in this corner of the county. The housing stock in the region was extensively developed after the great San Francisco earthquake of Much of the housing stock in these areas is becoming quite expensive.
As an alternative to moving to either the expensive central county, or the too-distant East County, this area is becoming gentrified , with a mix of races and income levels — a character actively sought by some housing purchasers.
The downside of this is a corresponding lack of affordable housing for those in lower paying service jobs — a problem endemic throughout the region. There has recently been a housing boom or tract housing in Richmond and also in the Hercules areas.
These gentrifying areas are the most diverse in Contra Costa County. The central part of the county is a valley traversed by Interstate and Highway The towns east of the hills, on or near Highway 24 and their surrounding areas Lafayette , Moraga and Orinda are collectively known as Lamorinda.
Owing to the high quality of its public schools due largely to both demographics and added support from prosperous parents , this area has become a magnet for well—off families with children. During the real estate boom, housing prices were driven to astounding levels.
From , home prices in the region have seen substantial decreases and the affordability rate has risen. During the real estate boom, the high price of homes and scarcity of land resulted in many speculators purchasing older, smaller homes and partially or completely tearing them down to construct larger homes.
In this way the central county region has become a mix of older suburbs, newer developments, small lot "infill" developments, and extensive shopping areas.
Lower cost modern tract developments continue along Suisun Bay in the "East County" towns of Pittsburg , Antioch , and Oakley - new "bedroom" communities" to serve the now "edge cities". California Distinguished Schools, golf courses, vineyards, and upscale homes are found in Brentwood and Discovery Bay.
Discovery Bay also features gated and non-gated "off-water" communities with homes from 1, square feet m2 up to 4, square feet m2. The Streets of Brentwood, an outdoor lifestyle retail center, opened in Brentwood in the Fall of Other cities in the once heavily industrialized northwestern and western waterfront areas such as Richmond have fallen on harder times, with Richmond having difficulty balancing its school budget.
Two forces have combined to create county budget problems peaking in First, over a thirty-year period rather than compensate police, medical, and firefighting personnel directly, very favorable health and retirement benefits were granted without proper actuarial examination, leading to unexpected yet predictable high costs as personnel age and ultimately retire with continued "first class" health and retirement benefits.
Second, the collapse of the "housing bubble" has enabled purchasers of distressed properties many of which are owned by banks and other mortgage holders to petition for lower property assessments, in many cases reducing by half the revenue to the county for specific parcels. Continuing downturns in employment prospects particularly in new housing construction have further increased the needs for various social services. These deficits and demands, combined with a lack of support from a similarly stressed California state government and the United States Federal government have combined to require unpleasant choices to be made by county supervisors and county service providers in the allocation of limited resources in a time of increasing demand.
In the s and s many small and innovative technical firms were started in this county, most of which are no longer present, having either failed, been absorbed into larger corporations, or having outgrown their original location are now elsewhere in the Bay Area.
During the s and early s, many corporations that were formerly housed in the more central metropolitan area followed their employees by moving to large suburban and edge city office areas and office parks. A number of large corporations now have headquarters in large developments along what is called the corridor , that segment of Interstate Highway that extends from Concord in the north to San Ramon in the south, continuing into inland Alameda County from Dublin to Pleasanton.
By the early s, more square footage of office space had been built in the corridor than in San Francisco's Financial District. There are currently political fights over the potential redevelopment of the county seat Martinez , with long term residents and many elsewhere in the county concerned that it will lose its remaining small-town charm and utility in an effort to become more like the county's major recreational shopping center of Walnut Creek.
The inland portions of the Concord Naval Weapons Station have been declared surplus by the Federal government and this area is expected to provide what is likely the last opportunity to plan and build city-sized development within the central county. Much of the land to be developed is relatively flat grassland and the most prominent structures are ammunition bunkers that will be removed, so future uses of the property are largely unconstrained by previous uses.
Contra Costa County Library is the county's library system. The paper was originally a paper run and owned by the Lesher family. Since the death of Dean Lesher in , the paper has had several owners. Prior to most travel to central Contra Costa County was by boat or rail to Martinez on the northern waterfront and from there to the industrial areas east along the waterfront as well as farming regions to the south.
In the first tunnel through the Oakland hills now Old Tunnel Road was built, principally as a means of bringing hay by horse, mule, or ox-drawn wagons from central and eastern agricultural areas to feed the draft animals that provided the power to public and private transportation in the East Bay at the time. The tunnel exited in the hills high above the crossroads of Orinda with the road continuing on to Lafayette , Walnut Creek , and Danville.
The road was just wide enough for one car in each direction, and had no shoulders. In the two-bore Caldecott Tunnel for road vehicles was completed, making interior Contra Costa County much more accessible. After World War II the tunnels allowed waves of development to proceed, oriented toward Oakland rather than the northern shoreline, and the northern shoreline cities began to decline.
The tunnel has since been augmented with a third bore, completed in , and a fourth, completed in The county also has two general aviation airports that are not currently providing scheduled passenger service:.
Concord Airport now houses two charter airlines that offer on-demand passenger service to select destinations in California and Nevada. The western termini of several original transcontinental railroad routes have been located in Oakland , in Alameda County , Including Union Pacific , Southern Pacific , and Santa Fe railroads. From Oakland, there are two primary routes east:.
The line leaves Richmond through industrial and residential parts of West County before striking due east through Franklin Canyon and Martinez on its way to Stockton , Bakersfield and Barstow. These railroads spurred the development of industry in the county throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly driving development of the Standard Oil now Chevron refinery and port complex in Richmond.
There were a large number of short lines in the county between the late 19th century and the early 20th century. The rights of way of a number of these railroads also served as utility rights of way, particularly for water service, and so were preserved, and in the late 20th century enhanced as walking, jogging, and bicycle riding trails in the central portion of the county. Since , four Indian gaming casinos have been proposed in Richmond and the surrounding area of West Contra Costa County.
The population ranking of the following table is based on the census of Contra Costa County. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. County in California, United States. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. San Francisco Bay Area portal. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
California State Association of Counties. Retrieved February 6, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, Retrieved June 9, National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, Archived from the original on February 27, Adding the approximate Hispanics known to be in San Francisco directory and an unknown but small as shown in CA Census recount number in Contra Costa and Santa Clara county whose census was lost gives less than 9, Hispanics state wide. Contra Costa County estimated at about 2, residents and Santa Clara County estimated at about 4, residents records were "lost" and also not included.
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