On television and in movies, most depictions of poker games nowadays show Texas hold'em, by far the most popular poker game over the past 15 years. At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown , in which the players reveal their previously hidden cards and evaluate their hands. Retrieved April 14, During a round of betting, there will always be a current bet amount , which is the total amount of money bet in this round by the player who bet last in this round. In lowball draw games , the hand rankings are essentially reversed, so the "worst" hand wins. Archived from the original on December 17,
There are four main families of variants, largely grouped by the protocol of card-dealing and betting:. There are several methods for defining the structure of betting during a hand of poker.
The three most common structures are known as "fixed-limit," "pot-limit," and "no-limit. For instance, if the required bet is X, an initial bettor may only bet X; if a player wishes to raise a bet, they may only raise by X.
In pot-limit poker, a player may bet or raise any amount up to the size of the pot. When calculating the maximum raise allowed, all previous bets and calls, including the intending raiser's call, are first added to the pot.
The raiser may then raise the previous bet by the full amount of the pot. In no-limit poker, a player may wager their entire betting stack at any point that they are allowed to make a bet. In all games, if a player does not have enough betting chips to fully match a bet, they may go "all-in," allowing them to show down their hand for the amount of chips they have remaining.
Other games that use poker hand rankings may likewise be referred to as poker. Video poker is a single-player video game that functions much like a slot machine ; most video poker machines play draw poker, where the player bets, a hand is dealt, and the player can discard and replace cards. Payout is dependent on the hand resulting after the draw and the player's initial bet.
Strip poker is a traditional poker variation where players remove clothing when they lose bets. Since it depends only on the basic mechanic of betting in rounds, strip poker can be played with any form of poker; however, it is usually based on simple variants with few betting rounds, like five card draw. Another game with the poker name, but with a vastly different mode of play, is called Acey-Deucey or Red Dog poker.
This game is more similar to Blackjack in its layout and betting; each player bets against the house, and then is dealt two cards. For the player to win, the third card dealt after an opportunity to raise the bet must have a value in-between the first two.
Payout is based on the odds that this is possible, based on the difference in values of the first two cards. Other poker-like games played at casinos against the house include three card poker and pai gow poker. In a January article  published in Science , a group of researchers mostly from the University of Alberta announced that they "essentially weakly solved" heads-up limit Texas hold 'em with their development of their Cepheus poker bot.
The authors claimed that Cepheus would lose at most 0. Less autonomous poker programs exist whose primary purpose is not to play poker by themselves, but is instead to calculate the odds of certain hand outcomes. For example, one might input a hand which contains three 7s and two unrelated low cards, the program in question would then return that holding just the 7s results in a From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Poker disambiguation. For the magazine, see Poker Player. This article should include a better summary of History of poker.
Summary style for information on how to properly incorporate it into this article's main text. Straight flush Four of a kind. The game and jargon of poker have become important parts of American culture and English culture.
Such phrases as ace in the hole , beats me , blue chip , call the bluff , cash in , pass the buck , poker face , stack up , up the ante , when the chips are down , wild card , and others are used in everyday conversation even by those unaware of their origins at the poker table. Modern tournament play became popular in American casinos after the World Series of Poker began in Viewers can now follow the action and drama of the game, and broadcasts of poker tournaments such as the World Series of Poker and the World Poker Tour have brought in huge audiences for cable and satellite TV distributors.
The game of poker is played in hundreds of variations , but the following overview of game play applies to most of them. Depending on the game rules, one or more players may be required to place an initial amount of money into the pot before the cards are dealt. These are called forced bets and come in three forms: Like most card games , the dealer shuffles the deck of cards.
The deck is then cut , and the appropriate number of cards are dealt face-down to the players. In a casino a "house" dealer handles the cards for each hand, but a button any small item used as a marker, also called a buck is rotated among the players to determine the order of dealing and betting in certain games. In a home game, the right to deal the cards typically rotates among the players clockwise, but a button may still be used.
After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins. Between rounds, the players' hands develop in some way, often by being dealt additional cards or replacing cards previously dealt. During a round of betting, there will always be a current bet amount , which is the total amount of money bet in this round by the player who bet last in this round. To keep better track of this, it is conventional for players to not place their bets directly into the pot called splashing the pot , but rather place them in front of themselves toward the pot, until the betting round is over.
When the round is over, the bets are then gathered into the pot. After the first betting round is completed every participating player having called an equal amount , there may be more rounds in which more cards are dealt in various ways, followed by further rounds of betting into the same central pot. At any time during the first or subsequent betting rounds, if one player makes a bet and all other players fold, the deal ends immediately, the single remaining player is awarded the pot, no cards are shown, no more rounds are dealt, and the next deal begins.
This is what makes it possible to bluff. At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown in which the players reveal their previously hidden cards and evaluate their hands. She throws the mask aside and the song begins with a facial shot of Gaga singing it. Featured in the video are scenes of Gaga in a mansion and dancing poolside with her dancers in a turquoise leotard.
The party gets wilder when all the party's guests strip down to their underwear, dance around, and share kisses with each other. The video also features several white mannequins on her swimming pool deck. During the musical interlude before the "I won't tell you that I love you" hook, Gaga is shown in her trademark "Pop Music Will Never Be Low Brow" sunglasses while sitting beside the pool. The video ends with the head shot of Gaga singing the Mum-mum-mum-ma hook.
Gaga explained in the nineteenth episode of her "Transmission Gagavision" series the main idea behind the music video for "Poker Face": In some versions of the video, the words "muffin" being a slang term for a woman's vagina , " Russian Roulette " and "gun" are censored out bleeped.
In June , Gaga held a reverse auction for one of the necklaces worn in the music video, designed by Brian Lichtenberg. All the proceeds from the auction went to the Lupus Foundation of America. She performed the piano version wearing a dress made of plastic transparent bubbles and playing the glass piano with her stilletoes with a glowing mannequin, like the music video, standing in front of the stage.
I am a lie, and every day I kill to make it true. The performance started with Gaga sitting at a Plexiglass piano filled with bubbles and bathed in pink light. She started singing the second verse of "Poker Face" in a Bette Midler style accompanied by a violin player while wearing a shiny aluminum shoulder pad and platinum bleached blond wig.
After the first chorus, the pace increased whence the original intro for the song started. Gaga got up from her seat and proceeded to perform the song in the middle of the stage. She wore a silvery leotard with a giant star on her shoulder and tassels. As the song progressed to the intermediate verse, the violinist played a hoe-down version of the music and Gaga danced around frantically over the stage. The performance ended with Gaga staring towards the audience while revealing an open zipper, patched over her left eye.
The performance was described an "alien-disco performance art. First she played an acoustic version first before going on to the normal version,  and a rock version on Friday Night with Jonathan Ross. It prevented Ellen DeGeneres from greeting her because of the size of the gear. This performance, which included Gaga being trapped in a fake subway car surrounded by fake police officers, was billed as a tribute to New York City.
The piano version was played by Gaga while balancing on the piano stool and holding one leg up in the air. Gaga wore a dress made of guns and during the performance she pumped her hands in the air. Midway through the performance, she was flung into the garbage chute of her 'Fame Factory' stage set, before emerging seated at a piano, facing Elton John.
The Artpop Ball tour, Gaga performed the song in a medley with "Just Dance" and "Telephone" while wearing knee-length white dress and heels, and a bob wig. Rock musician Chris Daughtry performed an acoustic version of the song while at a radio station in Germany. The song was originally entitled "I Poke Her Face" but was changed to make it more acceptable for radio. It was later released as a track on his single " Rain ".
Their version debuted at position on the Billboard Hot , and moved up to a peak of 20 on the next week. Credits adapted from the liner notes of The Fame. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Record Plant Studios Hollywood , California. Streamline KonLive Cherrytree Interscope. Stefani Germanotta Nadir Khayat . A 23 seconds sample from "Poker Face" which plays the chorus, where Gaga's voice spans from C 5 to G 3 , followed by the stuttering hook which samples Boney M.
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